Abstracts (first author)

Poster 

The landscape of sexual selection

Author(s): Boughman JW, Keagy J, Lettieri L

Summary:

Rugged fitness landscapes are thought to promote speciation, as they provide multiple adaptive peaks for populations to occupy. However, they have been rarely characterized, especially for sexual selection. Sexually selected fitness landscapes play a critical role in divergence of mating traits that underpins sexual isolation. We characterized the fitness landscape generated by sexual selection through male competition in stickleback fish. We capitalized on the highly variable genotypic and phenotypic combinations generated in an F2 mapping population to fully characterize the fitness landscape. This approach also allows us to experimentally tease apart selection on multiple traits. We measured fitness through male competition in naturalized habitats, assessing ability of males to acquire territories and defend nests, both of which are essential for access to females. We also measured male mating success. The species we study mate at different densities, which are expected to affect the strength of sexual selection. Thus, we manipulated density to ask whether fitness landscapes at low and high density differ, altering the direction of selection or the trait combinations favored. We then compared these fitness landscapes to naturally occurring phenotypic distributions to assess how sexual selection would affect evolutionary divergence in natural populations, leading to reproductive isolation and speciation. We thus fill a critical gap in our understanding of speciation.



Contacts

Chairman: Octávio S. Paulo
Tel: 00 351 217500614 direct
Tel: 00 351 217500000 ext22359
Fax: 00 351 217500028
email: mail@eseb2013.com

Address

XIV Congress of the European Society for Evolutionary Biology

Organization Team
Department of Animal Biology (DBA)
Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon
P-1749-016 Lisbon
Portugal

Website

Computational Biology & Population Genomics Group 
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